Archive for March, 2010

War Protest

March 28, 2010

War Protest, March 19th

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WOMEN & PEACE MARCH 24

March 26, 2010

Olive SCHREINER born Wittebergen, South Africa 1855 (d. 1920). “Citizen of the World” Nonviolent writer who opposed Rhodes, prophesied and opposed Boer War and World War I. Environmentalist, close friend of Gandhi. Quote: “On that day, when the woman takes her place beside the man in the governance and arrangement of external affairs of her race will also be the day that heralds the death of war as a means of arranging human differences.” (Woman & Labor).

Agnes MCPHAIL born Proton, Ontario 1890 (d. 1954). Journalist and pacifist politician. First Canadian woman member of Parliament 1921-40, and first woman member of League of Nations Disarmament Committee 1929. Opposed draft in World War I. Quote: “Never Retreat, Never Explain, Never Apologize”.

Dorothy Irene HEIGHT born Richmond VA 1912. African-American civil rights leader with Martin L. King; 40 years president of National Council of Negro Women 1957-98. International work in India and South Africa. Quote: “As more women enter public life, I see developing a more humane society.”

Dorothy Marie HENNESSEY born 1913. Franciscan nun arrested at Nevada Test Site in protest against nuclear weapons; banned from Omaha Strategic Air Command base. Walked across US to protest Cold War. Marched for civil rights and helped Cesar Chavez. She and her sister Gwen sentenced to 6 months for protest at School of Americas 2001 (age 88). Quote: I feel that it’s our duty. We can’t protest everything, but we can pick out some of the worst things to protest, and that’s what I’ve tried to do.” (20 July 2001).

Betty BURKES born 1942. Teacher of peace and nonviolence. Chair of American WILPF. Peace Corps Volunteer Ethiopia. Quote:”Love is a great teacher” (2007). “If we don’t address what’s in other people’s hearts and minds, if we don’t engage each other in a dialogue, then all the declarations on human rights will not matter…If we don’t address the things that separate us, we will not deliver what we’re after. What we’re really after is creating communities that sustain life and do not promote war and death.” (8 Dec. 2001).

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1970: Jane Addams House, national headquarters of WILPF, Washington DC, burned down at peak of protest against Vietnam War in suspected arson.

2004: First “Peace Matters” lecture Cairo by Swanee Hunt, sponsored by Susanne Mubarak.

MARCH 25

Matilda Joslyn GAGE born Cicero NY 1826 (d. 1898). Feminist and Suffragist leader and historian. Co-author with Anthony and Stanton of “Declaration of Rights” of women at Philadelphia bicentennial. Organized International Council of Women 1888. Quote: “There is a word sweeter than Mother, Home, or Heaven; that word is Liberty.” (her gravestone).

Gloria STEINEM born Toledo 1934. Pacifist feminist editor, writer and nonviolent activist. Bowles Fellowship in India; founding editor Ms magazine 1972. Supported United Farm Workers. Opposed Vietnam War with tax resistance 1965. Active in Nuclear Freeze. Early (Sept. 24) opponent of Iraq War. Quote: “From pacifist to terrorist, each person condemns violence – and then adds one cherished case in which it may be justified.”

St. CATHERINE of Siena born Siena 1349. First Woman Diplomat, active peacemaker in Italian civil wars 1390, as Florentine envoy 1376, Papal diplomat 1378, Roman Republic 1380. Patroness of Europe. Quote: “not by the sword or by war or by violence” could good be achieved, but”`through peace”.

Karla SCHEFTER born Allenstein, E. Prussia 1942. Founder of hospital Chak-e-Wardak, Afghanistan 1989. One of 1000 women Nobel Prize nominees. Founded Committee for Promotion of Medical & Humanitarian Aid 1993. Quote: “Over every mountain there is a path.”

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1638: Anne Hutchinson excommunicated Boston for independence of religious views.

1909: Start of Women’s Satyagraha in South Africa with establishment of Indian Women’s Association.

1915: Sisterhood of International Peace founded Melbourne by Eleanor May Moore.

1955: Start of Committee for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) with public notice of anti-nuclear campaign.

1965: Viola Liuzzo murdered in Selma civil rights campaign.

WOMEN PEACEMAKERS’ BIRTHDAYS March 23

March 24, 2010

MARCH 23

Florence Ellinwood ALLEN born Salt Lake City 1884 (d. 1966). International lawyer active in human rights and suffrage. First woman in the world to sit on a supreme court (Ohio) 1922. Peace activist. Quote: World War I never would have happened “if women of the world had had the vote for the twenty previous years.” (Tuve).

Mariana KATZAROVA born Prilep, Macedonia 1931. Bulgarian human rights leader, founder RAW in WAR (Reach All Women in War) 1960, 10 years Amnesty International researcher in Chechnya. “We owe it to the memory of Anya [Politkovskaya] to protect the very few who still speak out in Russia. No more – no less.” (RAW).

Ceija STOJKA born Kraubath, Austria 1933. Gypsy musician, painter and author, who writes on human rights and survival of concentration camps.

Valgerðour SVERRISÖTTIR born Eyjafjörður, Iceland 1950. Foreign Minister of Iceland 2006-7; contribution to UN Peacebuilding Fund 2006.

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1911: Ethel Smyth’s anthem of suffragist movement “March of the Women” premiered Albert Hall, London.

WOMEN PEACEMAKERS MARCH 22

March 23, 2010

MARCH 22

Ewa ŁĘTOWSKA born Warsaw 1940. First Polish Parliamentary Human Rights Ombudsperson 1987-92; National Ombudsperson 1999-2002; named Woman of Europe 1993; Professor of Law and expert in Human Rights; International Commission of Jurists 1991; Judge of Constitutional Tribunal 2002.

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1958: South African Women demonstrated against pass laws.

1965: Marjorie Sykes negotiated peace on Nagaland National Day.

1980: Denise Levertov speech to Anti-Draft Rally, Washington DC: “imagine love, imagine peace, imagine community…learn in time how to say no” (Candles from Babylon 1982).

WOMEN & PEACE March 21

March 23, 2010

MARCH 21

Dr. Hannah GRUNWALD born Berlin 1900 (d. 1994). American psychoanalyst; Honorary Chair of Amnesty International 1978.

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1980: Eco-Feminist Conference “Women & Life on Earth” Amherst MA, attended bby 550 women. “We have come because life on Earth and the Earth itself is in terrible danger…The world has to have a future. We intend—furiously and with some joy—to connect this assaulted planet to that future.” (Opening statement by Grace Paley and Ynestra King).

1982: 10,000 Women demonstrate at Greenham Common; 300 women blockaded base for 24 hours.

1994: Four Women arrested for cutting 700 meters of fence around Aldermaston depot.

WOMEN PEACEMAKERS March 20

March 22, 2010

MARCH 20

Andrée CHÉDID born Cairo 1920. Lebanese-Egyptian poet and writer who condemned the stupidity of war (House without Roots). Quote: “I want to keep my eyes open to the suffering, the misery and the cruelty of the world; but also to its light and beauty”. (1998). In the spiral of ages
In the black winds of hatred
love is too light. (Ceremonial of Violence” 1976).

Pamela (Digby) Churchill HARRIMAN born Farnborough, England 1920 (d. 1997). First American woman Ambassador to France 1993; first woman diplomat to receive Legion of Honor.

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

2001: Susan B. Rodriguez sentenced to a year for using sledge on computer used for nuclear research, San Leandro.

2003 Three protests against Iraq War: Lillian Willoughby got one week for blocking Philadelphia courthouse; Rosemarie Jackowski arrested for blocking intersection Bennington VT; Three Code Pink women arrested at Senate Office Building.

MARSTONS MILLS MUSICIANS

March 20, 2010

MUSICAL MARSTONS MILLS

The prominent pianist Carlo Buonamici first bought land in Marstons Mills in 1909, and built a summer home on the Mystic Lake about 1912. He was well known in Europe and US for his performances with the Boston Symphony Orchestra and with the Kneisel Quartet, the leading string group of the country.

Buonamici was born in Florence Italy in 1875 to a musical family. His father Guiseppe was celebrated in Musical Times as “one of Italy’s foremost musicians and greatest pianists”. Nephew of the musician Ceccherini he studied under Liszt and Europe’s most famous conductor von Bülow, was a friend of Wagner, who gave him a big hug at the primiere of the opera Parsifal. He succeeded von Bülow as head of the Munich Conservatory, and became professor at the Florence Institute of Music. Papa “Beppe” was noted as editor of Beethoven’s sonatas.

His son Carlo (of Marstons Mills) was taught piano by his mother and father, and sent to Germany to study with his father’s friend von Bülow. At Würzburg at age 19 he won first prize as student of Van Zeil. He joined the Italian army during the disastrous Ethiopian War. If he was at the defeat of battle of Adua in 1896 he did not record it. That year he came to US and took part in a sabre competition at Harvard. He gave his first piano recital in Boston at age 22, playing the Hungarian Fantasy of his father’s friend Liszt. He was soon playing with the Boston Symphony, performing Chopin’s Concerto #2, following earlier concerts of the same piece by Centerville’s famous Amy Beach. In 1904 he played Rachmaninov’s first concerto for its first performance in Boston. Buonamici also played with the Kneisel Quartet, the leading string ensemble in America, including a New York premiere of Rubin Goldmark’s Quartet in A minor. In 1908 he joined another well-known pianist Felix Fox to found the Fox-Buonamici School of Pianoforte, with a faculty of 11, at 403 Marlborough St. in Boston. Among his students were the composer Grace Clough-Leightee, the founder of the Forest Hills School of Music Marta Malinowski, and Margaret Cravens, the close friend of the poet Ezra Pound who tragically died of suicide in 1912.

Buonamici was attracted to hunting in Marstons Mills. In June 1909 he came from Boston with his wife Bianca and son Beppie, who recovered from an auto accident here. Carlo had a motor boat, perhaps in Warrens Cove. In September he bought pieces of land on the Mills River off River Road from Lillie and Elliot Backus. After a European tour in 1911 he came down for a gunning trip, staying with George Childs across from Village Hall. He bought 15 acres of salt meadow in Scorton Creek from Bennett Cammett probably for hunting wildfowl. The next fall, 1912 he found the future site of the Tanampo Club between Indian Pond (Mystic) and Run Pond, bought about 12 acres from James H. Crocker’s family, to which he added five acres more the next year.

In 1913 he built a bungalow at the south end of Mystic Lake, probably by Newtown’s busiest builder, Charles L. Hamblin. When World War killed thousands he gave a benefit for widows of Italian soldiers in a concert with Boston Symphony. In 1917 he gave a concert at Liberty Hall. Following the collapse of Italy after the terrible defeat at Caporetto in the spring of 1918, Buonamici volunteered to serve again in the Italian army. On his return from Italy in 1919 he was to live only one year. He took a job as head of the music department at Miss Porter’s School in Farmington CT. At the start of the school year he suddenly collapsed and died, age only 55. His son Beppie, who had grown up summering on Mystic Lake was murdered in Italy three years later. His wife Bianca sold the Marstons Mills place in 1921, to become the Tanampo Club.

This article first appeared in The Barnstable Enterprise 31 March 2010

WOMEN AND PEACE March 19

March 20, 2010

MARCH 19

Ellen Gates STARR born Laona IL 1859 (d. 1940). Artist, Social worker and Socialist labor organizer, partner and co-founder of Hull House with Jane Addams 1889; organizer of women’s strikes; arrested for picketing in waitress strike.

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1911: First International Women’s Day celebrated by a million women in central Europe, following 1910 resolution of Socialist International.

1970: Nonviolent Sit-in at Ladies Home Journal, New York demanding feminist news.

1989: Women’s Walk Home Cyprus crosses Green Line in protest against partition.

1994: Steeplebush Gate at NATO spy base Menwith Hill, Yorkshire invaded by three women.

2003: Diplomat Ann Wright resigned at US Embassy Mongolia in protest against Iraq War.

2003: Tracee Parker and Ellen Barfield arrested at White House for bringing a photo of an Iraq family they had visited.

WOMEN AND PEACE March 18

March 18, 2010

MARCH 18

Christa (Ihlenfeld) WOLF born Landsberg a/d Warthe, Germany (now Poland) 1929. Leading German writer; philosopher feminist; Co-founder of International Culture of Peace 1988; Scholl Prize 1987; opposed Cold War and nuclear weapons. Quote: “You can tell when a war starts, but when does the prewar start?” (Cassandra).

Unita BLACKWELL born Lula MS 1933. Black civil rights leader. SNCC organizer; co-founder of Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party 1964; President US-Chinese Peoples Friendship Association 1976-83; MacArthur Genius grant 1992. Quote: The best teacher is to observe from other people and learn from other people. (Mike Garvey interview 21 April 1977).

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1212 AD: Nonviolent St. Clare left home to take vow of poverty and found Second Order of St. Francis, at Portuincula.

1871: 1000 Parisian Women stopped violence of 88th Battalion to prevent firing on the National Guard.

1906: French suffragists occupied Musée Social, Paris.

2003: Elizabeth Wilmshurst resigned as legal adviser to British Foreign Office in protest against Iraq War. “unlawful use of force on such a scale amounts to the crime of aggression.”

WOMEN & PEACE March 17

March 18, 2010

MARCH 17

Myrlie (Beasley) EVERS-Williams born Vicksburg MS 1933. Widow of civil rights leader Medgar Evers who was murdered in 1963; first full-time chair of NAACP 1995. Quote: “You can kill a man, but you can’t kill an idea.”

Cynthia MCKINNEY born Atlanta 1955. Five times elected to U.S. House of Representatives 1993-2003, 2005. PhD. Candidate Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy. Service on House International Affairs Committee promoted human rights; Early opposition to Iraq War. Quote: The American people are being called upon to send their young sons and daughters to go and kill young Iraqi sons and daughters. This war, like all wars, will be brutal and will leave many American and Iraqi families mourning the loss of their children. (22 Sept 2002).

PEACEFUL EVENTS BY WOMEN ON THIS DAY:

1936: Women’s Peace Union’s constitutional amendment outlawing war came to both Senate and House judiciary committees.

1989: Sister Amparo Escobedo, treasurer of nonviolent Serpaj Peru killed in the Andes.

1997: 3000 Ethiopian women marched to improve job conditions.

2003: Nobel Prize winner Mairead Corrigan arrested in St. Patrick’s Day protest against Iraq War, NYCity.