Women Peacemakers born Feb 5-11

WOMEN PEACEMAKERS

FEBRUARY 5

 

Frantiŝka PLAMÍNKOVÁ born Prague 1872 (executed 1942). Teacher, Senator, feminist leader, WILPF; delegate to League of Nations 1931; jailed 1939, 1942; executed by firing squad without trial. “I am firmly convinced that the truth will, after all, prevail even against the military superiority.” (Letter to Hitler 1938, Czech Dialog 3-4 2007).

 

Hanna NEWCOMBE born Prague 1922. Canadian Quaker chemist who founded Peace Research Institute 1961. Pearson Peace Medal 1997. Canadian delegate to UN, board member of UN University Tokyo. Quote: “I believe in nonviolence under most conditions but I can think of exceptions… humanitarian intervention — the “Responsibility to Protect.”

 

Katharine “Kitty”ARNETT born 1894. Leader of WILPF 1954

 

Lucy WRIGHT born Pittfield MA 1760 (d. 1821). Shaker leader 1796.

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

    1932: Petition for Nonviolence presented to World Disarmament Conference Geneva by Women’s Peace Union and Total Disarmament Now Committee (Alonso 137).

     

    1948: UN Women’s Guild founded.

    250 AD St. Agatha of Catania martyred; Sicilian noblewoman resisted assault in brothel.

 

 

FEBRUARY 6

 

Florence Hope LUSCOMB born Lowell MA 1887 (d. 1985). MIT architect, suffragist, leader of WILPF, ran for Congress opposing Truman’s anti-communism, anti-McCarthy, anti-nuclear war, anti-Vietnam War. Called herself “Citizen of the World”.

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

 

1930: Gauntlett Tsune presented 750,000 Japanese womens’ peace petition to London disarmament conference.

 

1932: Six million women’s petition to League of Nations Disarmament Conference 1932 Geneva, by WILPF ; Half a million presented to President Hoover in DC.

 

1996: Angie Zetter arrested for trying to damage Indonesian air force plane at British aerospace factory Lancashire.

 

2000: Tarja Halonen elected President of Finland; Quote: “Human rights belong to everybody – men and women, boys and girls. Nevertheless, our sisters throughout the world often have to face difficult problems in conditions of extreme insecurity. In many places, the violence experienced by women and girls in war and other conflicts is becoming increasingly serious.” (6 June 2007)

 

2006: Rosalind Higgins elected first woman president of World Court.

 

 

FEBRUARY 7

 

Catharine de BOURBON born Paris 1559 (d. 1604). Peace Queen

 

Laura Ingalls WILDER born Pepin WI 1867 (d. 1957). American author. Quote: “Be devoted to one another in brotherly love…live at peace with everyone. Do not take revenge.” (Comments on Romans XII in Wilder’s Bible).

 

Maria (Hilgers) DIETZ born Düsseldorf 1894 (d. 1980). Pacifist member of postwar German parliament who worked to ban war toys, and promote international understanding.

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

 

1983: Greenham Women invaded base to protest visit of Defence Minister Heseltine.

 

1989: South African Women Against War opposed military service.

 

1993: Women’s Tribunal against Rape in War met Zagreb.

 

 

 

FEBRUARY 8

 

Peggy DUFF (born Margaret Doreen Eames) b. Middlesex, England 1910 (d. 1981). Peace organizer of postwar relief Save Europe Now; Organizer and First Chairman of CND (Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament) 1958-1967. Organized Aldermaston Marches. Opposed Vietnam War and Greek generals. “one of the people who really changed modern history” (N. Chomsky).

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

 

1932: Dorothy Detzer of WILPF got pacifist Republican senator Nye to investigate arms sales as cause of World War I (Alonso 123).

 

1980: NOW opposed Draft: “Our long standing position against violence combined with our determination to end discrimination makes us unable to support registration.” (E.S meal).

 

2003: 700+ Australian women nude protest against Vietnam War at Byrra Bay (Sydney) forming a big heart enclosing “NO WAR”.

 

 

FEBRUARY 9

 

Dr. Aletta Henriëtte JACOBS born Sappemeer, Netherlands 1854 (d. 1929). First Dutch woman doctor, militant pacifist who was founder and hostess to WILPF at Hague 1915. Quote: “Yes, the women will do it. They don’t feel as men do about war. Men think of the economic results; women think of the grief and pain, and the damage to the race. If we can bring women to feel that internationalism is higher than nationalism, then they won’t stand by governments, they’ll stand by humanity.” (1915 in Foster 16-17).

 

Betsy Mix COWLES born Bristol CT 1810 (d. 1876). Leading abolitionist and suffragist educator called “the Maria Chapman of the West”.

 

Alice WALKER born Eatonton GA 1944. Pulitzer prize author inspired to work for Mississippi voter registration by Fannie Hamer and Rosa Park. Quote: “The quietly pacifist peaceful always die to make room for men who shout”. “The most important question in the world is, ‘Why is the child crying?”

 

Carla DEL PONTE born Lugano, Switzerland 1947. First international Prosecutor of war crimes in Balkans and Rwanda 1999. Quote: “there can be no lasting peace in a society unless the criminal justice system is allowed to take its course.

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

 

1915 World Union of Women for International Concord founded Geneva.

 

1919 Suffragists burned effigy of Pres. Wilson in Lafayette Park, opposite White House.

 

1991: Women Against the War in the Gulf rallied London with motto: “Stop the War: International Sisterhood.

 

2003: Anna Smedema arrested Volkel Netherlands for hammering US satellite dishes used for Iraq War.

 

 

FEBRUARY 10

 

Phebe Anna THORNE born Millbrook NY 1828 (d. 1909). New York City Quaker philanthropist. First directress of Friends Employment Society to provide work for poor 1902.

 

Frances Moore LAPPÉ born Pendleton OR 1945. Graduate of Quaker Earlham College. Best seller Diet for a Small Planet 1971; Right Livelihood Award 1987. Quote: “What an extraordinary time to be alive. We’re the first people on our planet to have real choice: We can choose death; or we can choose life.” (Robert Shetterly, Americans Who Tell The Truth.)

Louise ARBOUR born Montreal 1946. Canadian Chief Prosecutor of International crimes in Bosnia and Rwanda 1996. Canadian Supreme Court Justice. UN Commissioner for Human Rights 2004. Nobel Peace Prize nominee 2005. Quote: “Human rights are not a utopian ideal. They embody an international consensus on the minimum conditions for a life of dignity.” (14 Jan. 2005 Geneva).

 

Gael MURPHY born Paris 1954. Co-founder and international coordinator of Code Pink opposing Iraq War 2002. Former Foreign Service Officer. Quote: “We are starting this campaign of ‘extralegal lobbying’–nonviolent civil disobedience–at the offices of our Representatives and Senators who refuse to publicly pledge their vote against Bush’s request for an additional $100 billion for the war.

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

 

704 AD: St. Austreberta threatened with a sword, bared her neck and stopped the assault. French Benedictine abbess born 630 Therouanne, Artois.

 

1947: UN Commission on Status of Women met for first time.

 

1974: Chicanas won Strike/Boycott of two years against Farah Textiles.

 

 

FEBRUARY 11

 

Lydia Maria (Francis) CHILD born Medford MA 1802 (d. 1880). Nonviolent abolitionist and transcendentalist, co-founder of world’s first nonviolent society 1838. Author, poet and editor, called “First Lady of the Republic”. Quote: “The cure for all the ills and wrongs, the cares, the sorrows, and the crimes of humanity, all lie in the one word ‘love’. It is the divine vitality that everywhere produces and restores life.”

 

Dr. Anna Howard SHAW born Newcastle-on-Tyne 1847 (d. 1919). Cape Cod minister, national suffrage leader and internationalist who died while lecturing in favor of League of Nations. Women’s Hall of Fame. Quote: preparedness for war is an incentive to war, and the only hope of permanent peace is the systematic and scientific disarmament of all the nations of the world (21 June 1915).

 

Flo(rynce) KENNEDY born Kansas City 1917 (d. 2000). Black radical feminist, opposed Gulf War.

 

Nancy Savage COYLE born 1932. Indiana peace activist (WRL cal 1991 15 Apr).

 

Sheryl CROW born Kennett MO 1962. Blues rock singer and guitarist, opposed to nuclear weapons, World Food Ambassador. Opposed Iraq War before the start. Quote: “war is based on greed and there will be huge karmic retributions that will follow. I think war is never the answer to solving any problems. The best way to solve problems is to not have enemies” (Los Angeles 14 Jan. 2003).

 

WOMEN’S PEACEMAKING THIS DAY:

 

1911: Emma Goldman arrested New York City for speeches on birth control.

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